Get Started Guide Linux operating system

How to install and configure Linux operating system

Many people choose Linux because it is free and open source, which means there are no costs associated with the software. However, if you want to install and configure Linux on your computer, the only cost will be your time, but there are many benefits that Linux can offer over other operating systems (OS). This guide will walk you through how to download and install Linux onto your Windows PC so that you can get started using this amazing OS without paying a dime!

Introduction

Linux is an open-source, Unix-like computer operating system. It’s been around since the early 90s but it’s grown in popularity over the last few years. It has a reputation for being secure, stable, and more customizable than Windows or OSX. There are many different flavors of Linux that you can try out – Ubuntu is one of the most popular because it has desktop environment similar to Windows.

System Requirements

Linux is a family of open-source, Unix-like operating systems that are based on the Linux kernel. The development of the GNU operating system started in 1983 as an attempt to create a free software Unix-like environment. It was not until 1991 that it became possible to run Linux on personal computers with 386 or higher CPUs.

There are several distributions available, including Ubuntu, Debian and Fedora. But don’t worry if you want to learn more about them; I will be covering this topic in my next blog post. For now let me tell you how you can get started with Linux OS installation! All you need is your computer (or laptop) and an Internet connection! You don’t even need any special hardware; any old PC should do just fine.

Installing Kali Linux on VirtualBox

In order to install Kali Linux on Windows PC, you will need a VirtualBox. Download the VirtualBox for your computer’s operating system and set it up on your computer. To create a virtual machine, open the program, select New from the menu bar at the top of the page followed by Virtual Machine. Select Linux as an OS type and then select an appropriate version of Ubuntu.

Configuration

Linux is a free open source, which means it’s available for free download. You can also buy a CD or USB key with the OS pre-installed. The easiest way to get Linux is to download an ISO file, then burn it onto a CD or USB key.

To modify the configuration files:

A- Log on to the Linux machine as “root” with a SSH client such as PuTTy.

B- Back up the configuration file you would like to edit in /var/tmp with the command “cp”. For example: # cp /etc/iscan/intscan.ini /var/tmp.

C- Edit the file with vim: Open the file in vim with the command “vim”.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the best distribution of Linux for beginners? Ubuntu is one of the easiest distributions for beginners as it has a simple user interface that is easy to navigate, it comes pre-loaded with an application store so you can download your favorite applications, and it’s free.

A- Ubuntu Server. Best Linux server distro for scalability.

B- Debian. Great Linux server distro with multi-architectural support

C-OpenSUSE. Best Linux server distro for long-term support.

D- Fedora Server. Best Linux server distro for fast-moving tech adoption.

E- Fedora CoreOS.

2. What is OS configuration?

OS configuration management uses OS policies to automate and centralize the deployment, configuration, maintenance, and reporting of software configurations on your virtual machine (VM) instances.

3. Is there a difference between Linux OS installation and configuration? Installation refers to copying files onto your computer while Configuration refers to making changes on those files.

4. What are the hardware requirements for installing linux?

Hardware requirements

A- Architecture. All computer operating systems are designed for a particular computer architecture.

B- Processing power. The power of the central processing unit (CPU) is a fundamental system requirement for any software.

C- Memory.

D- Secondary storage.

E- Display adapter.

F- Peripherals.